Amsterdam, Netherlands

Artificial Intelligence

Language: EnglishStudies in English
Subject area: computer science
Time study: 2 years
University website:
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals. In computer science AI research is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem solving".
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving. It can be more generally described as the ability to perceive or infer information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied towards adaptive behaviors within an environment or context.
Artificial Intelligence
The techniques of artificial intelligence are to the mind what bureaucracy is to human social interaction.
Terry Winograd (1991) "Thinking Machines: Can there be? Are we?"
I not only use all the brains that I have, but all that I can borrow.
Woodrow Wilson, Speech to the National Press Club (20 March 1914).
Comprehension, inventiveness, direction, and criticism: intelligence is contained in these four words.
Alfred Binet Les idées modernes sur les enfants (1909), 118.
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