Amsterdam, Netherlands

Artificial Intelligence

Master's
Language: EnglishStudies in English
Subject area: computer science
Time study: 2 years
University website: vu.nl/en
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals. In computer science AI research is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem solving".
Intelligence
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving. It can be more generally described as the ability to perceive or infer information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied towards adaptive behaviors within an environment or context.
Intelligence
I not only use all the brains that I have, but all that I can borrow.
Woodrow Wilson, Speech to the National Press Club (20 March 1914).
Artificial Intelligence
My son was one of a kind. You are the first of a kind. David?
Hobby, A.I. Artificial Intelligence by Ian Watson and Brian Aldiss.
Artificial Intelligence
Recent researchers in artificial intelligence and computational methods use the term swarm intelligence to name collective and distributed techniques of problem solving without centralized control or provision of a global model. … the intelligence of the swarm is based fundamentally on communication. … the member of the multitude do not have to become the same or renounce their creativity in order to communicate and cooperate with each other. They remain different in terms of race, sex, sexuality and so forth. We need to understand, then, is the collective intelligence that can emerge from the communication and cooperation of such varied multiplicity.
Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri (2004), Multitude, pp. 91-92
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