Coimbra, Portugal

Sustainable Agriculture

Agricultura Sustentável

Master's
Language: PortugueseStudies in Portuguese
Subject area: agriculture, forestry and fishery, veterinary
Qualification: universitário
University website: www.uc.pt
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years; people gathered wild grains at least 105,000 years ago, and began to plant them around 11,500 years ago, before they became domesticated. Pigs, sheep, and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Crops originate from at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has in the past century become the dominant agricultural method.
Sustainable Agriculture
Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways based on an understanding of ecosystem services, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment.
Agriculture
We are returned to mystery and the power of cooperating with life—rather than, as so often now, working against it.
Elsa Gidlow On organic farming, in Belasco, Warren James, 2007, "The Organic Paradigm", Appetite for Change: How the Counterculture Took on the Food Industry, Cornell University Press, ISBN 0801473292, p. 69.
Agriculture
All I saw before me were acres of skin… It was like a farmer seeing a fertile field for the first time.
Albert Kligman as quoted in Allen M. Hornblum. Sentenced to Science: One Black Man's Story of Imprisonment in America, 2007, p. 52.
Agriculture
E'en in mid-harvest, while the jocund swain
Pluck'd from the brittle stalk the golden grain,
Oft have I seen the war of winds contend,
And prone on earth th' infuriate storm descend,
Waste far and wide, and by the roots uptorn,
The heavy harvest sweep through ether borne,
As the light straw and rapid stubble fly
In dark'ning whirlwinds round the wintry sky.
Virgil, Georgics (c. 29 BC), I, line 351. Sotheby's translation.
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