Tver, Russia

Information Systems and Technology

Информационные системы и технологии

Master's
Language: RussianStudies in Russian
Subject area: computer science
University website: www.tstu.tver.ru
Information
Information is any entity or form that provides the answer to a question of some kind or resolves uncertainty. It is thus related to data and knowledge, as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts. As it regards data, the information's existence is not necessarily coupled to an observer (it exists beyond an event horizon, for example), while in the case of knowledge, the information requires a cognitive observer.
Technology
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument [compensation ] of those who pursue them" .
Information
Information can tell us everything. It has all the answers. But they are answers to questions we have not asked, and which doubtless don’t even arise.
Jean Baudrillard French semiologist. Cool Memories, Ch. 5 (1987, trans. 1990).
Technology
Today's science is tomorrow's technology.
Edward Teller The Legacy of Hiroshima (1962), 146.
Information
If you torture the data enough, nature will always confess.
Ronald Coase "How should economists choose?" Warren Nutter Lecture, 1981. Reprinted in Essays on Economics and Economists (1994) p. 27.
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