Warsaw, Poland


Language: EnglishStudies in English
Subject area: social
Kind of studies: full-time studies
University website: english.swps.pl

Psychology is a discipline whose goal is to understand and solve problems of an individual, a group or a whole society. Psychological knowledge and skills are necessary for a profession as a psychologist as well as for many other professions, especially those in which one has to adapt to many challenges related to human mental life and behavior.

In Poland and in Europe in order to work as a psychologist one has to complete five years of studies majoring in Psychology. The five years of studies can be accomplished by graduating from a “3 + 2” program or a 5-year long-cycle program. The “3 + 2” program refers to a Bachelor’s Degree (3 years) and a Master’s Degree (2 years).  The 5-year long-cycle program refers to a course of studies that is not divided into two stages.

Completing either a Bachelor’s Degree (3 yrs.) in Psychology or a Master’s Degree (2 yrs.) in Psychology will equip a student with knowledge and skills needed in many areas of work such as human resources or social services, but achieving either level of education will not be sufficient to practice independently as a psychologist. 

Completing both a Bachelor’s Degree (3 yrs.) in Psychology and a Master’s Degree (2 yrs.) in Psychology or a 5-year long-cycle program in Psychology will equip students with competencies that form a foundation (together with practical experience) for professional practice as a psychologist.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It is an academic discipline of immense scope and diverse interests that, when taken together, seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of epiphenomena they manifest. As a social science it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.
The popular medical formulation of morality that goes back to Ariston of Chios, "virtue is the health of the soul," would have to be changed to become useful, at least to read: "your virtue is the health of your soul." For there is no health as such, and all attempts to define a thing that way have been wretched failures. Even the determination of what is healthy for your body depends on your goal, your horizon, your energies, your impulses, your errors, and above all on the ideals and phantasms of your soul. Thus there are innumerable healths of the body; and the more we allow the unique and incomparable to raise its head again, and the more we abjure the dogma of the "equality of men," the more must the concept of a normal health, along with a normal diet and the normal course of an illness, be abandoned by medical men. Only then would the time have come to reflect on the health and illness of the soul, and to find the peculiar virtue of each man in the health of his soul.
Friedrich Nietzsche‎‎, The Gay Science, § 120 “Health of the Soul”
We cannot describe how the mind is made without having good ways to describe complicated processes. Before computers, no languages were good for that. Piaget tried algebra and Freud tried diagrams; other psychologists used Markov Chains and matrices, but none came to much. Behaviorists, quite properly, had ceased to speak at all. Linguists flocked to formal syntax, and made progress for a time but reached a limit: transformational grammar shows the contents of the registers (so to speak), but has no way to describe what controls them. This makes it hard to say how surface speech relates to underlying designation and intent–a baby-and-bath-water situation. I prefer ideas from AI research because there we tend to seek procedural description first, which seems more appropriate for mental matters.
Marvin Minsky, in "Music, Mind, and Meaning" (1981)
The great shift … is the movement away from the value-laden languages of … the “humanities,” and toward the ostensibly value-neutral languages of the “sciences.” This attempt to escape from, or to deny, valuation is … especially important in psychology … and the so-called social sciences. Indeed, one could go so far as to say that the specialized languages of these disciplines serve virtually no other purpose than to conceal valuation behind an ostensibly scientific and therefore nonvaluational semantic screen.
Thomas Szasz, Anti-Freud (1990), p. 44
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