Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals. In computer science AI research is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem solving".
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling goods or services. Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profit. It does not mean it is a company, a corporation, partnership, or have any such formal organization, but it can range from a street peddler to General Motors." The term is also often used colloquially (but not by lawyers or public officials) to refer to a company, but this article will not deal with that sense of the word.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving. It can be more generally described as the ability to perceive or infer information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied towards adaptive behaviors within an environment or context.
Comprehension, inventiveness, direction, and criticism: intelligence is contained in these four words.
Alfred Binet Les idées modernes sur les enfants (1909), 118.
I never can make out how it is that a knight-errant does not expect to be paid for his trouble, but a peddler-errant always does.
John Ruskin, The Crown of Wild Olive: Three Lectures on Work, Traffic, War (1866), p. 127.
Any aeai [A.I., artificial intelligence] smart enough to pass a Turing test is smart enough to know to fail it.
Ian McDonald (2006) River of Gods. p. 42