Cracow, Poland

Administration and Public Policy

Administracja i polityka publiczna

Language: PolishStudies in Polish
Subject area: social
Kind of studies: full-time studies, part-time studies
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A policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes. A policy is a statement of intent, and is implemented as a procedure or protocol. Policies are generally adopted by a governance body within an organization. Policies can assist in both subjective and objective decision making. Policies to assist in subjective decision making usually assist senior management with decisions that must be based on the relative merits of a number of factors, and as a result are often hard to test objectively, e.g. work-life balance policy. In contrast policies to assist in objective decision making are usually operational in nature and can be objectively tested, e.g. password policy.
In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different concept to the sociological concept of the Öffentlichkeit or public sphere. The concept of a public has also been defined in political science, psychology, marketing, and advertising. In public relations and communication science, it is one of the more ambiguous concepts in the field. Although it has definitions in the theory of the field that have been formulated from the early 20th century onwards, it has suffered in more recent years from being blurred, as a result of conflation of the idea of a public with the notions of audience, market segment, community, constituency, and stakeholder.
Public Policy
Public policy is the principled guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues, in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs.
Public Policy
There are many cases in which individuals sustain an injury, for which the law gives no action; for instance, pulling down houses, or raising bulwarks for the preservation and defence of the kingdom against the King's enemies.
Butter, J., Governor, &c. of Cast Plate Manufacturers v. Meredith (1792), 4 T. R. 797.
Don't throw a monkey-wrench into the machinery.
Philander Chase Johnson, Everybody's Magazine (May 1920), p. 36.
There is no such thing as a fixed policy, because policy like all organic entities is always in the making.
Attributed to Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury. M. R. D. Foot, British Foreign Policy Since 1898, p. 9 (1956). Not verified in Salisbury's writings.
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